There are two species of dowitcher on the British List, which are very similar North American waders with very long, straight, snipe-like bills. These are the Long-billed and the much rarer Short-billed Dowitcher (which also has a long bill!).
The origin of the odd name ‘dowitcher’ is slightly lost in obscurity, but is most likely from an Iroquoian word for snipe-like birds. There is an Oneida (one of the Iroquois tribes, from north-eastern USA) word for snipe: tawistawe or tawistawis, which is the presumed origin of the Anglicised dowitcher.
The scientific name for the dowitcher genus is Limnodromus, which translates as ‘marsh racer’.