Thekla’s Lark

This southern European (and African) lark is extremely similar to Crested Lark, and can be hard to identify even with decent views. It was named as recently as 1857 by the German zoologist Alfred Edmund Brehm in honour of his late sister, Thekla. The bird’s name has historically often been written as Thekla Lark, but seems to more accurately reflect its origin if called Thekla’s Lark (as suggested by the species name theklae).

BIOSPHOTO/Alamy

BIOSPHOTO/Alamy

Dipper

The stream-loving Dipper is our most aquatic passerine (ie songbird or perching bird), perfectly at home plunging into a torrent, swimming under water and foraging for invertebrates, while clinging to stones on the stream bed. The name, though, probably derives not from it frequently going for a dip in the water, but rather from its constant bobbing or dipping, when out of the water.

The old name ‘Water Ouzel’ uses the old name for a Blackbird: ouzel (as in Ring Ouzel), as Dippers, though not closely related to thrushes, are roughly thrush-sized and largely black.